Sculptors make handcrafted and artistic objects and articles of daily use out of different materials. They work with hand tools like mallets, crowbars, and chisels, or power tools such as stone-cutting machines, saws, and pneumatic devices. They also use various techniques to make casts of models and produce workpieces made of artificial stone, concrete, or metal. The sculptor's trade has a long tradition. For thousands of years people have practiced different techniques for carving wood or stone by hand. Many important stone and timber buildings and artworks have been shaped by sculptors. Over the years technological developments and innovations have caused marked changes in this field, nevertheless sculpting skills still remain the most important qualification in this trade.
In Austria a sculptor can either learn the trade through a three-year apprenticeship or by studying sculpture at the Academy of Fine Arts. The latter is an eight-semester program that culminates with a Master of Arts degree.
Our sculptors are mainly concerned with the conservation and restoration of historical stone objects. Missing or destroyed parts are replaced using traditional techniques and original materials. Sometimes pieces must be recast. Broken parts of figures are reworked and integrated. Occasionally it becomes necessary to recreate entire sculptures using historical reference material, such as photos or drawings. This is done only on exception, for example if the missing parts of an ensemble are crucial to the overall impression and its readability.
Modeling, chiseling, sanding, polishing
Last updated: 07/07/2015 Imprint ©2015 Denkmalpflege G.m.b.H. & Mag. Klaus Wedenig Restaurierung & Konservierung