A plasterer is a construction craftsman who works on both building interiors and façades. Today, the trade includes the areas of plaster, stucco, dry walling, thermal insulation, and concrete repair, but the plasterer’s main task is the three-dimensional shaping of mortar and plaster into stucco embellishments. Ornamental stucco can be prefabricated in the studio or made directly on-site.
The development of the plasterer’s trade is closely tied to the history of stucco and plaster. In former times plastering and masonry were both part of the same profession. By the seventeenth century they separated and became two distinct trades. In Renaissance, Baroque, and Neoclassical architecture plasterers played an important role as designers. They were called upon to decorate not only sacred structures but the stately interiors of secular buildings as well. They work closely with painters and sculptors and are, like them, also considered artists.
In Austria training to become a plasterer and stucco mason involves a three-year apprenticeship.
In the field of monument preservation specialized plasterers and stucco restorers maintain and repair historical plaster and stucco elements. Typical tasks include cleaning and exposing surfaces, the consolidation (shoring, stabilization, and backfilling) of detached or loose elements, and the traditional crafting of stucco elements to replace missing parts.
Mold making, negative and positive cast making, relocation, structural anchoring
Last updated: 07/07/2015 Imprint ©2015 Denkmalpflege G.m.b.H. & Mag. Klaus Wedenig Restaurierung & Konservierung